Moroccan Home and Riad architecture, The purely Moroccan architecture is known by the method of traditional construction, this method is based on the construction of walls and pillars of the houses, Riads, and palaces by the technique of rammed earth. This technique is mixed by using the wood as pillars, support for above doors, windows, ceilings, and for the roofs. At the phase of the decoration, the craftsmen use five materials, Wood, Metal, Plaster, Mosaic, and glass Iraqi glass in different colors. Concerning the wood as first raw material carved or painted, is used for making and decorating doors, windows, and ceilings. The second material used for the home finishing and decoration, it’s the Mosaic, which decorate all the floors and walls of rooms, the bathroom, the kitchen, the roofs, and also the gardens. In the Third place we find the carved plaster in fascinating patterns in ceilings, sometimes alone and sometimes beautiful bands under the carved or painted wood. Also we find it on the doors and windows circles. About Metal, brassware or traditional ironsmith, are used in lightning and decoration, as Lusters, Lamps, Lanterns, shades. Furthermore craftsmen use them for making doors and windows, or for decorating them. The Iraqi glass is a fascinating decoration mixed always into plaster patterns or wood patterns, especially in windows.
The Moroccan process of producing pottery or mosaic tiles is the same for both, after refining the clay from tiny stones, the craftsman of modeling makes a various types of dishes or other kinds of pieces of arts by using a rotated axe he turns it by feet. On the other hand, for the Mosaic, they cut it in a squares of 11 cm Tiles or in a small sizes depending to the final use. After drying the raw clay items under the sun, another craftsman refine the work of items while are still soft, after that they put them again under sun, and when they get dried they bake them in the oven. the following step is the painting of the pottery by specialist craftsmen using many kinds of colors especially the blue of Fez, after that they glaze pottery or mosaic tiles and they bake them for the last time in a high temperature it goes up to 1000 C° degrees. After two or three days of waiting the products to get cold slowly they take them out of the oven for sale.
After collecting the skin of cow, sheep, camel, and goat, while are still fresh by craftsmen specialized in this business, they achieve the first step of preparing the leather by taking off the wool from the skin with lime or other chemicals, Then they sale it again to the tanners for tanning and dye it into the tanneries with a lots of natural ingredients for several months depending the animal skin and the final use. When the pieces of leather become ready and dried under the sun, the tanners sell their tanned leather in a specialized market of leather opened every day except Friday for all categories of trades to produce several of items as Babouches, handbags, Saddles, etc… Those craftsmen either they will used it as it is, or they will color it depending to the final use, or the client’s demand. Therefore Moroccan crafts generate several of high quality handcrafted items; some are for the lifestyle, others for wellness style.